“The U.S. has the highest total drug expenditure and costliest pharmaceutical spending per capita among developed countries, which experts attribute to our steep drug prices,” the report states.
In its analysis to determine where the elderly pay the least or most in the U.S. for prescription drugs, MedicareGuide, a Healthcare.com company, compared all 50 states and Washington, D.C., across 13 metrics related to cost, access and quality. It also compared out-of-pocket costs for Medicare Part D plans and Medicare Part B and access to pharmacies.
In 2020, 48 million seniors were enrolled in Medicare Part D, Medicare’s prescription drug plan, which represents 77% of Medicare beneficiaries. Last year, total prescription drug expenditures nationwide was $407 billion, the report states.
Examining Medicare Part D data, the report found that some drugs were reimbursed at similar rates nationwide, but the prices of other pharmaceuticals varied widely.
The analysis focused on two widely prescribed drugs to assess price disparities: atorvastatin, the generic version of the brand Lipitor, a cholesterol drug, and lidocaine 5%, a widely prescribed topical analgesic.
The disparities in cost for a single prescription fill of Lidocaine 5%, it found, was nearly a 5,000% difference, ranging from $31.43 to $1,524.72.
Their study found that Maine and Missouri offered the least expensive options for these two prescription drugs, and Tennessee and Utah, the most expensive.
For atorvastatin, costs ranged from a low of $11.72 in Mississippi to a high of $25.54 in Maine, a difference of nearly 220%, for example.
One factor to consider in pricing, the report notes, is that Medicare Part D prescription drug plans are grouped by ZIP codes and counties with varying costs of living. Other factors include state laws governing pharmaceuticals and differing costs of distribution.
The report also found that on average, individuals ages 65 and older spent $7,554 on prescription drugs, and nearly two in three (64%) attempted to save on prescription drugs last year.
The 10 states where prescription drugs cost seniors the most, according to the analysis, are Tennessee, Utah, Alabama, Illinois, Nebraska, the District of Columbia, Texas, Maryland, Colorado and Pennsylvania.
The states where prescription drugs cost seniors the least are Maine, Missouri, Kentucky, Vermont, New Hampshire, Louisiana, Indiana, Montana, Mississippi and Michigan.
The report also provides links to state resources that help seniors pay for prescription medications in several states: Connecticut, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Wisconsin.
These programs vary in aid but often work with Medicare Part D, the report found.